Web Application Architecture Patterns

web application patterns

In a fast-paced world, when a user visits a web page, he does through various interactions that take place at the backend. These series of interactions take place in between various elements like user interface, middleware system, server, database, and the browser.

To make these interactions smooth, web application architecture comes to the rescue to enhance user experience! It binds together these interactions and manages to make multiple applications work at the same time.

Let’s explore some of the common web application architectural patterns:

Most Common Design Architectural Patterns for Web Applications

We take a look at some of the common web application’s system architecture design patterns. There is no secret sauce and it’s not that one-yard stick works for all. It has to be a tested and validated decision at the implementer's end. Not one but several factors are at play when people choose a particular architectural pattern to develop their web applications.

Let's take a quick look at:

  • Model View Controller approach is perhaps the most commonly used pattern
  • Microservices
  • Micro frontends
  • RESTful API backends

1. Model View Controller

Model View Controller or MVC patterns are the amalgamations of specific data models, presentation information, and control information combined into one application.

They are most commonly used for creating any web application to build user interfaces that helps the overall user experience.

The framework of MVC is more centric on architectural patterns but is not for a complete application. It mostly relates to the UI interaction portion of an application.

The design components that combine together to form MVC, serve different purposes.

Model: contains basic data for application, there is no system for the way that the data must be presented to the user.

View: it represents the model’s data to the person using it. This section consists of the framework of the working of the model’s data, on the contrary, this particular section also doesn't know the meaning of the data or how a user can use this information to alter the data.

Controller: this section serves as a bridge between the model and the view. It processes the commands processed by the view (or any other source) and follows the appropriate action in response to the command.

Most often, the action induces a method that is executed by the model. Now, the view and the model are interlinked through a notification mechanism, the final action is consecutively processed in the view.

One of the most interesting aspects of using MVC is it allows multiple developers to perform together on model, view, and controller.

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2. Microservice Architecture

The technique called Microservice Architecture has been among the most used web application design methods. The special feature that it possesses is the independently deployable service.

Such services interact with each other by means of APIs. below are the mentioned the interesting feature that set this application design apart:

  1. Plan for failure
  2. Analyzed and prepared around business capabilities
  3. Decouple data management
  4. Decouple governance
  5. Innovative design
  6. Infrastructure automation
  7. More focus on products not projects
  8. Binding via services

The microservices architecture was originally designed to solve issues related to humongous applications based on monolith architecture.

This is rather an easy application design as the developer has the advantage to work upon a smaller codebase which is a tedious task for the complex monolith application.

The developers have the advantage of dividing the components of the application among the team to make the process faster and for quick updates.

Another interesting fact is that the microservice web application does not depend on a sole programming language so which makes it feasible for the developers to choose the best fit. The most important feature is that a single virus or error will not disrupt the whole system.

3. Micro frontends

Now as we are getting in the habit of accessing the internet through a single page, developers all around the globe are in the strife of producing feature-rich powerful web applications.

Thus, the front page is created by a whole other team. The main idea is to feature the different compositions on a single page that is designed by independent separate teams.

This section serves its own missions that are put together into a single application architecture.

For better understanding let us dive in to check out some benefits of micro frontends:

  1. Since it is divided among teams, hence the codebase is smaller and manageable.
  2. Quick ability to upgrade, update and rewrite frontend codebase in a new and improved fashion
  3. Much more agile and susceptible to adapt an autonomous team in an organization

Micro frontend web application development is a more client-centric programming feature.

Therefore, the teams work together as a cross-functional and produce the end-to-end features from the database as per the likings of the client. This approach is in fact not new yet it provides a field of more accessible web application design.

4. Restful API backends

The fundamental definition suggests that backend development means the development that takes place behind the curtains that powers websites and web applications. It is the combination of database, server and client put together to run an application.

It is responsible for handling behind the scenes which swing from database migrations to API integrations to forming up the server-based technologies that are the requirement for any web application to run.

It is different from frontend development because it is responsible for what happens within the cloud and on the site. The framework in accordance with the application runs has nothing to do with the client’s aesthetic appeal.

The backend web application development is the combination of server, database, APIs, and operating systems that runs the application’s frontend appearance.

The three components that combine together to form backend web application architecture are as follows:

  1. The server: is usually responsible to process client requests
  2. The application: the application that is responsible for business logic to process the requests, retrieving the info from a database, then processing the response
  3. The database: datastore for organizing and storing the data

📌 Relevant read: Cost, timeline, and step by step process of application migration

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Benefits of Design Architecture in Web Application Development

Web application architecture pattern is the structure that tells how an application is set up on various levels. A quality web app architecture is based upon the following parameters:

  1. If the user is able to solve tasks in the web application easily
  2. If developers are able to modify the app with ease

If the application has a well-built architecture, it will prove as an advantage as it enhances user experience and is the key to success for the business owners as it will provide a high-quality result as it will deliver:

-Smooth app performance

  • High scalability and flexibility
  • Easy Integration of new features
  • Saved money
  • Reduced development time
  • High security

Which Design Pattern Should You Use For Web Applications?

Now that we are deep into the pond of a variety of web application designs, various design patterns will fulfill your desired software needs.

There are a number of design patterns that can be used for web applications. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. So, you will need to understand the requirement before choosing a final pattern.

Hire our web development experts and let us help you idetitfy the right web application design patterns for you.


Further reading:

The brief definitions we covered for each architectural design pattern perhaps give you a starting point. There are tons of great books, videos, and blogs that can be referred to and we will keep sharing such information on our social media handles.

The point to remember is each decision may have trade-offs and you will have to judge what you are willing to forsake to gain in another area.

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Tarab Husain

Tarab Husain is an experienced content writer who loves to fiddle with internet technologies and software development practices. She used to work as a freelance journalist for the Times of India. She is now working with Sofyrus Technologies in the capacity of Copywriter while also taking up the responsibilities of an HR Manager.

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